Our concept of values was developed on the basis of the humanistic canon of values. The term humanism, often used as a synonym for a historical epoch, refers here to an inner attitude that is intended to provide orientation for the lifestyle.
The humanistic system of values is composed of terms, each representing its own content. The consideration of these values, which in their application to concrete situations can be both complementary and contradictory to one another, gives rise to what we call ‘humaneness ́ or human orientation.
People must constantly choose concrete actions that are more or less value-driven. The orientation towards the values should enable the development of the individual personality in responsibility for this decision-making process. Through the freedom of the decision-making process in the respective concrete life situation, self-responsibility for weighing up and setting priorities remains a central aspect of this system of values.
Humanity as the goal
‘Humaneness’ is the desired ideal of a communal orientation. Here ‘humaneness’ stands for a positively noted value, but includes the ability for all negatively perceived human qualities as a possibility. According to the dialectical principle ‘humaneness’ forms the synthesis of all possibilities of human behavior.
Johann Gottfried Herder says in his letters on the advancement of humanity (vol. 10 Riga 1797): “Noble man everywhere seeks the better, the best,…”. And Johann Gottlieb Fichte in “Man’s Destiny (“Third Book – Faith 1,Vol. 2:276): “There is no man who loves evil because it is evil; he loves in him only the advantages and pleasures that it promises him, and which it grants him in the present situation of mankind to a great extent.
To attain ‘humaneness’, with the striving for responsibility, wisdom and perfection contained therein and at the same time the recognition of human weaknesses and incapacities contained therein, is the goal of the confrontation with the humanistic value system